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Landsat Image Mosaic Of Antarctica (LIMA)

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Make your own discovery of the natural wonders of Antarctica and the Antarctic. Your guide is our current and historical maps, posters, satellite images, and aerial photography. Use and enjoy these in the field, office, classroom, and home.

McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica

Map TAN0158
Satellite image map of the McMurdo Dry Valleys region from 77º to 78º South latitude and from 159º 20’ East to 163º 57’ East longitude.
USGS Store

Use this 1:1,000,000-scale map to examine the status of this fantastic ice-free zone of Antarctica with its mysterious Lake Vanda.
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Satellite Image Map of Antarctica,1996

Map I-2560
Ferrigno, Jane G and others.
Use this map of the entire Antarctica continent from a mosaic of satellite images to teach and learn about the physical geography of the continent.
USGS Store

This map contains fewer labels than Map I-2284 and therefore it is useful to examine the surface of Antarctica.
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Antarctica Satellite Image Map

Map I-2284
Map created from imagery from the Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer.
USGS Store

USGS Education Map Catalog

Use this map of the entire Antarctica continent from a mosaic of satellite images to teach and learn about the physical geography of the continent.
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Hut Point Peninsula Satellite Image Map

Map made from Landsat and SPOT satellite images of the Earth’s surface at Hut Point between 1986 and 1995, using visible and infrared bands.
USGS Store

Use this satellite image map to investigate the landscape of Hut Point Peninsula, near 77º 50’ South and 166º 45’ East, at 1:25,000 scale.
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Mt. Discovery, Antarctica Satellite Image Map, Landsat 1988

Map made from Landsat satellite images of the Earth’s surface at Mt Discovery, dated 1988.
USGS Store

Use this map to investigate the landscape of Mt Discovery Sound at a scale of 1:250,000.
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Plunket Point, Antarctica Satellite Image Map, Landsat 1988

Map made from Landsat satellite images of the Earth’s surface at Plunket Point, dated 1988.
USGS Store

Use this map to investigate the landscape of Plunket Point at a scale of 1:250,000.
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Radarsat Image Map of Antarctica

The first high-resolution radar map of Antarctica, made from a mosaic of over 400 Radarsat Synthetic Aperture Radar images, with insets of the Antarctic Peninsula and the South Ross Sea, at a scale of 1:5,000,000.
USGS Store

Map Number 115261

Use this map to investigate Antarctica at a continental and yet a detailed scale, as the mosaic was made from 25- meter resolution imagery.
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Marble Point, Antarctica Satellite Image Map, 1986-1995

Map made from Landsat and SPOT satellite images of the Earth’s surface at Marble Point between 1986 and 1995, using visible and infrared bands.
USGS Store

Use this satellite image map to investigate the landscape of Marble Point near 77º 35’ South and 164º East, at 1:25,000 scale.
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Ross Island and McMurdo Sound Satellite Image Map

Map made from Landsat satellite images of the Earth’s surface at Ross Island and McMurdo Sound, dated 2000.
USGS Store

Product number 39315.

Use this map to investigate the landscape, ocean, and ice at Ross Island and McMurdo Sound at a scale of 1:100,000.
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Coastal-Change and Glaciological Maps of Antarctica

Results of analyses in 23 maps as I---2600--A--W of the USGS Geologic Investigations Series (I-- Maps) (fig. 2). Most 1:1,000,000-scale maps extend to the southernmost nunatak within each map area or to the southernmost extent of Landsat images (about 81.5°S. lat.), although for some ice shelves, RADARSAT or MODIS images were used to extend maps further south.
http://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/2005/3055/fs2005-3055.pdf

Contains index map showing the locations and names of the 23 published and planned 1:1,000,000-scale coastal-change and glaciological maps of Antarctica. The dates (2004) of published maps are shown that are available in print and digital formats.
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Coastal-Change and Glaciological Map of the Eights Coast Area,Antarctica: 1972-2001 2004

By Charles Swithinbank et al.

Map I-2600-E

Changes in the area and volume of polar ice sheets are linked to changes in global climate, and the resulting changes in sea level may severely impact the densely populated coastal regions on Earth. Melting of the West Antarctic part alone of the Antarctic ice sheet could cause a sea-level rise of approximately 6 meters (m). In spite of its importance, the mass balance of the Antarctic ice sheet is poorly known, and hence was the reason to create these maps.
http://pubs.usgs.gov/imap/2600/E/

USGS Store

Use this 1:1,000,000-scale map to examine the status and changes in the Eights Coast area of Antarctica via satellite imagery.
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Aerial Photography of Antarctica

The USARC holds approximately 400,000 aerial photographic prints from 1947 to the present. The photography was flown in support of NSF funded mapping and research by the USGS. These prints are spatially indexed and viewable in the USARC or are available online through a link from the USARC web page.

In addition to the vertical photographs many of the early aerial photography included views to both the left and right using three cameras “trimetrogon” that took pictures simultaneously.
1) Online: http://usarc.usgs.gov/usarcmp3TST2.shtml

2) By visiting the USARC in Reston, VA.

3) Although flight indexes, coordinates and map names can be viewed and downloaded from the internet (URL above) photographic prints must be ordered through the Center for Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS).
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Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research Aerial Photography

The Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research (SCAR) provides aerial photography and maps of Antarctica for scientists and others to determine geologic features, analyze ice stream flow, and monitor penguin and seal populations. Various mapping cameras and film types have been used to create over 300,000 frames of film since 1946, with annual acquisitions since 1980.

The majority of film is panchromatic black and white, and more recent acquisitions include natural color and colorinfrared films, being archived mainly on 9-inch film. Less than 10 percent of the photography (30,000 frames) is on 70- mm film. Spatial resolutions vary as a function of photographic scale. Photographic scales range from 1:1,000 - 1:64,000.
http://edc.usgs.gov/products/aerial/scar.html

Examine Antarctica using aerial photography. The original negative film is stored at the USGS EROS Data Center. The USGS archives all film taken over Antarctica and held in the U.S. except for some photographs acquired during 1946 - 1948, which are stored in Washington, DC at the National Archives. The USGS maintains a SCAR library which is a repository and distribution site for all cartographic materials covering Antarctica that are produced by the United States and other participating SCAR nations. The SCAR library is located at the USGS National Center in Reston, VA.
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Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station Aerial Photo Map

Large aerial photograph taken from 762 meters (2500 feet) in altitude showing the buildings and landscape at the South Pole. Date: 1983
USGS Store

What does the land look like at the South Pole? Use this map/aerial photograph to find out. This map is quite detailed (1:1250), allowing close investigations of people and activity.
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McMurdo Station, Antarctica Aerial Photo Map

Map made from aerial photograph taken at 3000 feet in altitude on 2 February 1999.
USGS Store

Product number 39326.

Use this aerial photo map and accompanying ground photo to investigate the landscape of McMurdo Station and human activity at a detailed scale of 1:1560.
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Hut Point, Antarctic Aerial Photo Map, 1983

Large aerial photograph taken from 7925 meters (26,000 feet) in altitude showing the buildings and landscape at the South Pole. Date: 1983
USGS Store

Use this map/aerial photograph to investigate rocks, ice, and human activity at a detailed scale (1:13,500).
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US Antarctic Aerial Photograph Ground Control Sites

Aerial photographs and ground control data from the 1960s in Antarctica.
http://usarc.usgs.gov/antarctic_ground_control/wesant.html

Use this site to examine historical aerial photographs and compare them to newer maps and imagery to detect change.
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Geodetic Control

The U.S. Antarctic Resource Center maintains an historical archive of geodetic surveys. These surveys include Operation Highjump (1946-47). The majority of the survey control was collected after 1960. West Antarctica, Ellsworth Land and Palmer Land map show flight lines, area quadrangles, satellite imagery and aerial photography. These ground control locations and field records were needed to produce topographic maps, for planning, and for reconnaissance.
http://usarc.usgs.gov/antarctic_ground_control/wesant.html

Use this site to examine historical aerial photographs to understand the physical features of Antarctica. One could compare the historical photographs to newer imagery to detect change over time.
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Discovering Antarctica

All resources available from this site are subjected to copyright and may be downloaded and used for educational purposes only.
Discovering Antarctica browse
Royal Geographical Society Enterprises

Our extensive polar collections includes material relating to the British Antarctic expeditions of the early 20th century, and in particular the key achievements and experiences of two eminent figures of Antarctic exploration: Robert Falcon Scott and Ernest Shackleton.
Antarctic Collection browse
Landsat Satellite Images of Antarctica

Access Landsat Scenes

New Landsat Image Mosaic of Antarctica
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Antarctica maps before 2000

This is a publication that lists all Antarctica maps before 2000.
http://erg.usgs.gov/isb/pubs/forms/anarctic.html#sat

USGS Store
Coastal-Change and Glaciological Maps of Antarctica

Results of analyses in 23 maps as I---2600--A--W of the USGS Geologic Investigations Series (I-- Maps) (fig. 2). Most 1:1,000,000-scale maps extend to the southernmost nunatak within each map area or to the southernmost extent of Landsat images (about 81.5°S. lat.), although for some ice shelves, RADARSAT or MODIS images were used to extend maps further south.
http://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/2005/3055/fs2005-3055.pdf

Contains index map showing the locations and names of the 23 published and planned 1:1,000,000-scale coastal-change and glaciological maps of Antarctica. The dates (2004) of published maps are shown that are available in print and digital formats.
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EROS Elevation Products including Antarctica

http://edc.usgs.gov/products/elevation/gtopo30/gtopo30.html

Digital Elevation and Imagery Map of Antarctica

Georeferenced AVHRR band 1 and 2 mosaics, and GTOPO30 digital elevation model, in USGS MIPS image format. Archive contains this slightly modified version of the DEM data in raw image (USGS MIPS) format.
http://terraweb.wr.usgs.gov/TRS/projects/Antarctica/AVHRR.html

Use this mapping site to interactively examine elevation and satellite imagery of the Antarctic continent.
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Satellite Image Map of Antarctica Using AVHRR sensor Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR)

http://terraweb.wr.usgs.gov/projects/Antarctica/AVHRR.html#titlestereo

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Earthshots Satellite Images of Global Change: Antarctica

These images show the seaward edge of the Filchner Ice Shelf, on the coast of Antarctica, facing the Atlantic. In the austral winter of 1986, the front edge of the Filchner Ice Shelf broke off into the sea, forming three large icebergs. This was a major, long-awaited calving.
http://eros.usgs.gov/earthshots/slow/Filchner/Filchner

Use this site to examine changes that can be detected via Landsat satellite imagery, and read the explanatory text provided.
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Shuttle Radar Topography Mission Elevation Data (SRTM)

Digital elevation data of the Earth’s surface, including the polar regions, at 90-meter spatial resolution from which can be derived shaded relief, slope maps, contours, direction of slope, and more.
http://eros.usgs.gov/earthshots/slow/Filchner/Filchner

Use this site to examine changes that can be detected via Landsat satellite imagery, and read the explanatory text provided.
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Antarctic Seismic Data Library

The Antarctic Seismic Data Library System provides open access worldwide to Antarctic multichannel seismicreflection data collected by many countries to study the structure of the earth's crust of Antarctica.
http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/sdls/

Investigate seismicity of Antarctica with this data library.
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Page Last Modified: February 08, 2010